Exalted is He who took His Servant by night from al-Masjid al-Haram to al-Masjid al- Aqsa, whose surroundings We have blessed, to show him of Our signs. Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Seeing.
The ascension of Prophet Muhammad into heaven, Mi’raj, is generally celebrated on the 27th day of Rajab, although there is no unanimous opinion on the precise date. In this legend, the Prophet was prepared for his meeting with God by the archangel Gabriel (Jibrīl) one evening while he was asleep near the Kaʿba, the sacred shrine of Mecca. The Prophet’s heart was purified by removing all traces of error and doubt, and was filled with wisdom and belief.
The Prophet then makes his night journey (isrāʾ) from the “sacred place of worship” (Mecca) to the “further place of worship” (Jerusalem) by the winged mythical creature Burāq, and from Jerusalem he ascends to heaven, possibly by ladder (miʿrāj), accompanied by Jibrīl. The Prophet is greeted by, and in effect validated by the previous Prophets (Adam, Joseph, Aaron, Moses, Abraham, and Jesus) and then sees the Divine Throne.
Amongst the esoteric traditions of Muslims, the legend of mi‘raj is symbolic of the spiritual search, describing the soul’s leap into mystic knowledge and eventually to the state of spiritual union with the Divine.
Mi’raj, Encyclopaedia Britannica
Micheal A. Sells, “Early Muslim Spirituality and Mysticism,” The Muslim Almanac Edited by Azim A. Nanji, Gale Research Inc. Detroit, 1996
Compiled by Nimira Dewji