…the Ismailis regard a good number of Sufi masters as their own, beginning with al-Sanai (d. ca. 545/1151) and Attar (d. ca. 627/1230); Jalal al-Din al-Rumi (d. 672/1273), in relation to whom Shams al-Din al-Tabrizi assumed the role of hujjah; ‘Aziz al-Nasafi (seventh/twelfth century), Qasim al-AnWari (d. 837/1434), and so on. One hesitates at times in deciding whether a text is written by a Sufi steeped in Ismailism, or by an Ismaili steeped in Sufism. Even this is not going far enough, for the famous Persian poem by Mahmud Shabistari (d. 720/1320), the ‘Rosary of Mystery’ (gulshan-i raz), the vade-mecum of Iranian Sufism, was commentated and expanded by Ismaili teaching.